Landsat Missions

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LandsatLook Images

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LandsatLook images are full resolution files derived from Landsat Level-1 data products. The images are compressed and stretched to create an image optimized for image selection and visual interpretation. It is recommended that these images not be used in image analysis.

LandsatLook image files are included as options when downloading Landsat scenes from EarthExplorer, GloVis, or the LandsatLook Viewer (See Figure 1).

LandsatLook download options
Figure 1. LandsatLook and Level-1 product download options

LandsatLook "Natural Color" Image

The LandsatLook “Natural Color” image is a .jpg composite of three bands to show a “natural” looking (false color) image. Reflectance values were calculated from the calibrated scaled digital number (DN) image data. The reflectance values were scaled to a 1-255 range using a gamma stretch with a gamma=2.0. This stretch was designed to emphasize vegetation without clipping the extreme values.

  • Landsat 8 OLI = Bands 6,5,4
  • Landsat 7 ETM+ and Landsat 4-5 TM = Bands 5,4,3
  • Landsat 4-5 MSS = Bands 2,4,1
  • Landsat 1-3 MSS = Bands 7,5,4

LandsatLook “Thermal" Image

The LandsatLook “Thermal” image is a one-band gray scale .jpg image to display thermal properties of the scene. Image brightness temperature values were calculated from the calibrated scaled digital number (DN) image data. An image specific 2 percent clip and a linear stretch to 1-255 were applied to the brightness temperature values.

  • Landsat 8 TIRS = Band 10
  • Landsat 7 ETM+ = Band 61-high gain
  • Landsat 4-5 TM = Band 6
  • Landsat 1-5 MSS = not available

LandsatLook “Quality” Image

LandsatLook “Quality” images are 8-bit files generated from the Landsat Level-1 Quality band to provide a quick view of the quality of the pixels within the scene to determine if a particular scene would work best for the user's application. This file includes values representing bit-packed combinations of surface, atmosphere, and sensor conditions that can affect the overall usefulness of a given pixel. Color mapping assignments can be seen in the tables below.  

For each Landsat scene, LandsatLook "Quality" images can be downloaded either individually in a Portable Network Graphics format file (_QB.png), or, contained in the "LandsatLook Images with Geographic Reference" file  as a GeoTIFF format file (_QB.TIF).


Figure 2. Landsat 4-5, Landsat 7, and Landsat 8 Quality Image mapping assignments.

Samples of Landsat 5 and Landsat 7 LandsatLook "Quality" Images:

  • Landsat 7 ETM+ Path 42 Row 27, acquired September 27, 2005 - .png (617 KB)
  • Landsat 5 TM Path 47 Row 27, acquired October 6, 2010 - .png (219 KB)

LandsatLook Images with Geographic Reference

The LandsatLook Image with Geographic Reference is a .zip file bundle that contains the “Natural Color”, the gray-scale “Thermal” image browse, and the 8-bit “Quality” image in georeferenced GeoTiff (.TIF) format.

LandsatLook “Natural Color” Image: Landsat 8 Path 45 Row 30 Acquired April 23, 2013
Figure 2. LandsatLook “Natural Color” Image: Landsat 8 Path 45 Row 30 Acquired April 23, 2013
LandsatLook “Thermal” Image of Landsat 8 Path 45 Row 30 Acquired April 23, 2013
Figure 3. LandsatLook “Thermal” Image: Landsat 8 Path 45 Row 30 Acquired April 23, 2013
LandsatLook “Quality” Image of Landsat 8 Path 45 Row 30 Acquired April 23, 2013
Figure 4. LandsatLook “Quality” Image: Landsat 8 Path 45 Row 30 Acquired April 23, 2013 with background color set to dark grey.
 

Additional Information About LandsatLook Images

Many geographic information systems and image processing software packages easily support .jpg images. To create these files, Landsat data is mapped to a 1-255 range, with the fill area set to zero (if a no-data value is set to zero, the compression algorithm may introduce zero-value artifacts into the data area causing very dark data values to be displayed as no-data).

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Landsat represents the world's longest continuously acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data. Four decades of imagery provides a unique resource for those who work in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research. Landsat images are also invaluable for emergency response and disaster relief.

 

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Page Last Modified: 06/22/17 05:09 pm
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