Landsat Missions

Access to this site may be intermittent from 7:00 am to 1:00 pm CT on Wednesday, February 21, 2018. 

Landsat Science Products

You are here

The USGS is developing research-quality, applications-ready, Level-2 and Level-3 science products derived from Landsat Level-1 data, which can be used to monitor, assess, and project how changes in land use, land cover, and land condition affect people and nature.

These Level-2 products include Surface Reflectance -SR (the fraction of incoming solar radiation that is reflected from Earth's surface to the Landsat sensor) and Surface Temperature -ST (a measure of how much heat is radiated from Earth's surface) are time-series observational data of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to record effects of climate change.

Surface Reflectance and Surface Temperature data serve as input to Level-3  Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) and represent specific geophysical and biophysical properties of the land surface. The following ECVs are in development:

  • Burned Area (BA)
  • Dynamic Surface Water Extent (DSWE)
  • Snow Covered Area (SCA)
  • Maps of land cover and land cover change

Like Level-2 data, ECVs are parameters derived from systematic long-term measurements collected by satellite and aircraft platforms as well as in situ observational networks.

The images above are mosaics created using Landsat 8 Level-1 data (left) and Provisional Landsat 8 Surface Reflectance data (right). Images created December 2014.

Landsat image mosaics over the conterminous United States created using Landsat 8 Level-1 data (left) and Landsat 8 Surface Reflectance data (right). Images were created in December 2014.

Available Landsat Science Products

Currently, Surface Reflectance data and Surface Reflectance-derived spectral indices for most Landsat scenes acquired from August 1982 to present are available.

Surface Temperature, and Level-3 Burned Area, Dynamic Surface Water Extent, and Snow Covered Area (SCA) products will become available as they complete development.


Landsat Science Products Metadata contain significant amounts of information that can be used to locate specific data files in the archive inventory, and inform users of certain data product characteristics. The metadata files may vary based on which interface is being used to order the product.

Quality Assessment

Lansdat Surface Reflectance Quality Assessment (QA) bands provide users an indication of whether the integrity of Surface Reflectance data have been affected by instrument artifacts, production software updates, or atmospheric conditions.

Data Access

Processing requests for Surface Reflectance and Surface Reflectance-derived spectral indices can be submitted at no charge. The Landsat Science Products Access page provides information on the ordering interfaces.

News Archive

Visit the Landsat Science Products News Archive or the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center Science Processing Architecture (ESPA) On-demand interface for updates to Landsat science products.



Landsat represents the world's longest continuously acquired collection of space-based moderate-resolution land remote sensing data. Four decades of imagery provides a unique resource for those who work in agriculture, geology, forestry, regional planning, education, mapping, and global change research. Landsat images are also invaluable for emergency response and disaster relief.


Contact Us

Landsat Updates

The Landsat Update is an informal communication tool, prepared periodically and distributed electronically to USGS Landsat partners, to provide information about Landsat activities and related topics of interest.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Ask Landsat
Page Last Modified: 06/22/17 05:09 pm